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Docker Builder on VM

Docker Builder VM

"Docker Builder" tasks are a way to build and publish Docker Images to Docker Registries of your choice using a VM as build environment. In essence, a docker_builder is basically a task that is executed in a VM with pre-installed Docker. docker_builder can be defined the same way as a task:

docker_builder:
  build_script: docker build --tag myrepo/foo:latest .

Leveraging features such as Task Dependencies, Conditional Execution and Encrypted Variables with a Docker Builder can help building some relatively complex pipelines. It can also be used to execute builds which need special privileges.

In the example below, a docker_builder will be only executed on a tag creation, once both test and lint tasks have finished successfully:

test_task: ...
lint_task: ...

docker_builder:
  only_if: $CIRRUS_TAG != ''
  depends_on: 
    - test
    - lint
  env:
    DOCKER_USERNAME: ENCRYPTED[...]
    DOCKER_PASSWORD: ENCRYPTED[...]
  build_script: docker build --tag myrepo/foo:$CIRRUS_TAG .
  login_script: docker login --username $DOCKER_USERNAME --password $DOCKER_PASSWORD
  push_script: docker push myrepo/foo:$CIRRUS_TAG

Example

For more examples please check how we use Docker Builder to build and publish Cirrus CI's Docker Images for Android.

Pre-installed Packages

For your convenience, a Docker Builder VM has some common packages pre-installed:

  • AWS CLI
  • Docker Compose
  • Heroku CLI
  • OpenJDK 11
  • Python
  • Ruby with Bundler

Layer Caching

Docker has the --cache-from flag which allows to use a previously built image as a cache source. This way only changed layers will be rebuilt which can drastically improve performance of the build_script. Here is a snippet that uses the --cache-from flag:

# pull an image if available
docker pull myrepo/foo:latest || true
docker build --cache-from myrepo/foo:latest \
  --tag myrepo/foo:$CIRRUS_TAG \
  --tag myrepo/foo:latest .

Dockerfile as a CI environment

With Docker Builder there is no need to build and push custom containers so they can be used as an environment to run CI tasks in. Cirrus CI can do it for you! Just specify path to a Dockerfile with the dockerfile field for you container declaration in your .cirrus.yml like this:

efficient_task:
  container:
    dockerfile: ci/Dockerfile
    docker_arguments:
      foo: bar
  test_script: ...

inefficient_task:
  container:
    image: node:latest
  setup_script:
    - apt-get update
    - apt-get install build-essential
  test_script: ...

Cirrus CI will build a container and cache the resulting image based on Dockerfile’s content. On the next build, Cirrus CI will check if a container was already built, and if so, Cirrus CI will instantly start a CI task using the cached image.

Under the hood, for every Dockerfile that is needed to be built, Cirrus CI will create a Docker Builder task as a dependency. You will see such build_docker_image_HASH tasks in the UI.

Using with private GKE clusters

To use dockerfile with gke_container you first need to create a VM with Docker installed within your GCP project. This image will be used to perform building of Docker images for caching. Once this image is available, for example, by MY_DOCKER_VM name, you can simply use it like this:

gke_container:
  dockerfile: .ci/Dockerfile
  builder_image_name: MY_DOCKER_VM
  cluster_name: cirrus-ci-cluster
  zone: us-central1-a
  namespace: default

If your builder image is stored in another project you can also specify it by using builder_image_project field. By default, Cirrus CI assumes builder image is stored within the same project as the GKE cluster.

Windows Support

Docker builder also supports building Windows Docker containers. Simply specify platform and os_version fields:

docker_builder:
  platform: windows
  os_version: 2019
  ...

Supported OS Versions

See Windows Containers documentation for a list of supported OS versions.